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Mongolia Education and Training



Mongolia has a relatively high level of education, which was achieved during the communist era (1924-1990). At that time, the school system was expanded to include virtually all children of school age. At the same time, illiteracy declined sharply, partly as a result of many nomads becoming resident and getting close to schools. Today, virtually all Mongols can read and write.

The children start school at the age of six. Compulsory school compulsory covers twelve years.

After democratization in 1990, the proportion of children attending school declined, but has since increased again. Nowadays, practically all children in one and more than eight out of ten complete fifth grade. The main reason why some children drop out of school is that they have to work to contribute to family support.

There are a number of private schools besides the state schools.

  • Allcitypopulation: Offers a list of biggest cities in the state of Mongolia, including the capital city which hosts major colleges and universities.
  • COUNTRYAAH: Country facts of Mongolia, including geography profile, population statistics, and business data.

Mongolia has several universities and colleges. Many young people study abroad, mainly in Russia, Germany and Turkey.

Mongolia Top Colleges and Universities


Proportion of children starting primary school

97.9 percent (2017)

Number of pupils per teacher in primary school

30 (2017)

Reading and writing skills

98.3 percent (2010)

Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP

13.5 percent (2017)

Public expenditure on education as a percentage of the state budget

13.5 percent (2017)



Mongolia removed from tax haven list

January 23

Mongolia is deleted from the list of tax havens published by the EU in December 2017. Together with seven other blacklisted countries / territories, it is now transferred to a "gray" list of 55 countries considered to be in line with EU standards in terms of tax and financial legislation.



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