Education is highly valued in South Korea and
the study background determines whether an individual
can advance in society and become socially accepted in
In international comparisons of school results, South
Korea tends to be very high, but the effects of the
intense pressure on students are lively debated. The
critics believe that fixation on test results can make a
deeper understanding of the various subjects possible.
Allcitypopulation: Offers a list of biggest cities in the state of South
Korea, including the capital city which hosts major colleges and
Country facts of South Korea, including geography profile, population statistics, and business data.
South Korea has a centralized school system where
education is free of charge from six to fifteen years of
age. After preschool between the ages of four and six,
nine compulsory school years follow. Then there are
three-year colleges and two- or three-year vocational
schools. A high proportion of household spending goes to
children's further education.
The proportion of college students is among the
highest in Asia.
FACTS - EDUCATION
Proportion of children starting primary
96.1 percent (2016)
Number of pupils per teacher in primary
North Korea interrupts communication with South
Pyongyang stops the daily phone calls made with Seoul
through a special joint office in the North Korean
border city of Kaesong, which was set up by the
countries in 2018 to manage the contacts. A "hotline"
between the leaders of both countries and all military
communications is also interrupted. The reason for
Pyongyang's actions is said to be balloons with
regime-critical leaflets sent across the border from
South Korea. But relations between the countries have
cooled down because of the locked state of the talks
between North Korea and the United States.
Former North Korean top diplomat elected in
A North Korean defender, who was a deputy ambassador
to the UK but fled to South Korea in 2016, gets a
parliamentary seat in the election. Thae Yong-Ho,
candidate for the Conservative United Future Party for a
constituency in Seoul's rich Gangnam district.
The Democratic Party guarantees absolute majority in
Despite the corona crisis, parliamentary elections
are held. In the polling stations, control is strict and
people have to keep a distance, check their body
temperature and use hand spirit. The election results
show that many South Koreans are satisfied with how
President Moon Jae-In has handled the corona epidemic in
the country. The spread of infection has been limited by
strict control and sampling. President Moon Jae-Ins The
Democratic Party gets a full 163 seats in the election
and will, including the support party Together Citizens'
seats, be able to control 180 of Parliament's 300 seats.
No major party has had such a party since the late 1980s
in South Korea. The main competitor, the United Future
Party, gets 103 seats and its support party, the Korean
Future Party, gets 19.
The central bank warns of economic downturn
As a consequence of the rapid spread of the corona
virus, the central bank warns of falling growth figures
during the first quarter of 2020. South Korea has
continued to have the highest number of infected, over
4000, outside China where the virus first broke out (see
also February). About twenty people have died.
Military exercises with the United States are
The outbreak of the corona virus in South Korea
causes a planned military exercise with the US to be
postponed. Both countries would have carried out a
coordination exercise on a smaller scale. The countries
have reduced the scope of the annual exercises since the
negotiations on North Korea's nuclear weapons program
got a fresh start in 2018. This is not to annoy North
Korea, which sees the exercises as preparations for a
future invasion of the country.
Many were infected by the corona virus
More than 550 South Koreans have been infected by the
corona virus and two people have died. It is the highest
number of infected in any country outside China, where
the virus was first detected (see China: Calendar
January 2020). Almost everyone who is infected is a
member of a religious sect in the cities of Daegu and
Cheongdo. The authorities have increased emergency
preparedness in the cities and are urging residents to