|Platinum America is a portion of South America made
up of three nations: Argentina, Paraguay and
Uruguay. The link between these countries dates back to
the colonial period, as they have already participated
in the same political administration. In addition to
this aspect, these three nations have another
characteristic in common: they are bathed by the rivers
that form the River Basin.
With a territorial extension of 3,351,055 square
kilometers, Platinum America corresponds to 18% of South
American territory. The relief is characterized by
plains and plateaus. To the west, on the border of
Argentina and Chile, is the Andes Mountains. The climate
varies according to each region. In the north, the
tropical climate predominates and in the south, the
characteristic climate is temperate. The main rivers
are: Paraná, Paraguay and Uruguay, forming the Rio Prata
These three countries add up to approximately 50 million
inhabitants, with Argentina being the most populous
country - with 40 million. The majority of the
population of Platinum America, especially Argentina and
Uruguay, is white and of European origin. This fact is
explained by the intense migratory flow of Spaniards and
Italians to these two countries in the late 19th and
early 20th centuries. In Paraguay, mestizos and
The economy in Platinum America is very dynamic and
diverse. All three countries have agriculture as an
important element of the economy. In Argentina, wheat
and cattle and sheep farming are highlighted. In
Uruguay, in the domain of the pampas, cattle are raised,
meat and sheep are produced, in addition to the
cultivation of corn and wheat. The main agricultural
areas of Paraguay are located to the east of the
Paraguay River, where various products are grown, mainly
cotton and soy.
Argentina is the most industrialized nation in Platinum
America. The industry is concentrated in Buenos Aires,
Córdoba and Rosario. Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay,
is home to most industries in the country, whose sector
is based on food and textile production.
Paraguay has a very limited industrialization, relying
on excellence in food production. Tourism is another
element of fundamental importance for the economy of
these three countries. Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay,
together with Brazil, form the most expressive economic
bloc in South America - the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR).
Data from the Platinum American countries:
Area: 2,766,889 km².
Population: 40,276,376 inhabitants
Urban population: 92%
Demographic density: 14.5 inhab./km².
Currency: Argentine Peso
Capital: Buenos Aires
Life expectancy: 75 years
GDP: 328.4 billion dollars.
Area: 406,752 km².
Population: 6,348,917 inhabitants
Urban population: 61%
Demographic density: 15.6 inhab./km².
Language: Spanish and Guarani
Life expectancy: 71.5 years
GDP: US $ 16 billion
Area: 177,414 km².
Population: 3,360,854 inhabitants
Urban population: 92.5%
Demographic density: 19 inhab./km².
Currency: Uruguayan Peso
Life expectancy: 76 years
GDP: 32.2 billion dollars.
The Falkland Islands, Islas Malvinas, Malvinerne,
archipelago and British Crown Colony in the South Atlantic approximately 600 km east
of the southern tip of Argentina; 12,000 km2, 2932 residents
(2012, excluding seconded British soldiers). Argentina continues to claim the
The main islands are West Falkland and East Falkland, which are separated by
Falkland Sound, surrounded by a few hundred small islands. The
capital Stanley (2115 residents) is located on the East Falkland.
The climate is a mild, humid and windy polar climate with temperatures most
often between 0 °C and 10 °C. It is favorable for grass and heath vegetation,
while there are very few and only introduced trees. The natural vegetation is a
tall grass species, tussock, which, however, is displaced from the
main islands by sheep grazing.
Of the population is 2/3 born on the islands, while 1/4 come
from Britain. Traditionally, sheep breeding has been the dominant
occupation; sheep are in abundance in the Falkland Islands, and the wool is sold
in Great Britain. In 1986, the territorial boundary of the islands was extended
to 150 nautical miles; since then, fishing has outcompeted sheep farming as the
main occupation. The economy is growing strongly; much is associated with the
military presence at Mount Pleasant Base and the nearby Mare Harbor (located 50
km southwest of Stanley). The capital Stanley is visited by many cruise
ships; in 2001, 39,000 tourists came to the city.
The many uninhabited small islands contain a rich, undisturbed wildlife with
South American fur seal, southern sea lion (mane seal), southern sea
elephant, five species of penguins, black-breasted albatross, great crested
grebe, sheath beak and an endemic species, flightless steamship sand. The
similarly endemic Falkland fox was exterminated in the late 1800's.
The Falkland Islands were discovered in 1592 by John Davis, but it was not
until 1764 that the first settlement was established by France on East Falkland,
and the following year Britain followed on West Falkland. However, the Spaniards
asserted their right to the area, and after buying East Falkland, in 1774 they
conquered West Falkland.
In 1811 they left the islands, but Argentina, which in 1816 declared
independence from Spain, now claimed them and established a settlement in 1826.
Complaints about Argentine interference by British and North American whalers
using the islands as a base led to British occupation. in 1833, and in 1892 the
Falkland Islands were given the status of a British colony (see Crown Colony).
Argentina, which had repeatedly protested the British presence, filed the
complaint against the UN in 1964; in 1966, as a result, negotiations began to
transfer the islands to Argentina.
Negotiations were still ongoing when Argentina's occupation of the islands in
1982 sparked the Falklands War, in which the British won. In a referendum in
1986, almost 95% of islanders voted to remain in Britain.
Argentina, however, has not given up the claim on the islands, and in
February 2010 the conflict between Britain and Argentina flared up again due to
British attempts to exploit the large oil deposits on the seabed in the vicinity
of the islands with the drilling platform Ocean Guardian.
Argentina thus denies ships access to its ports if they have the Falkland
Islands, South Georgia and the South Shetland Islands as their
destination. Calculations suggest that up to 60 billion can be
retrieved. barrels of oil in the area.
|Are you planning to attend a South America college? Then,
you have come to the right place! We have carefully
reviewed each of 4-year colleges and universities in the
continent of South America and the following are the top
public and private programs listed by rank scores. The
following colleges and universities in Brazil, Chile,
Columbia, and other countries in Latin America (refer to
Countryaah.com for a full list of South American
nations) have been many times ranked by education
experts based on their academic excellence and
employment statistics. Please note that all universities
were reviewed yearly based on their academic
reputations, research ability and graduate performance.
#1. Universidade de São Paulo - Brazil São Paulo
#2. Pontificia University Católica de Chile - Chile Santiago
#3. State University of Campinas - Brazil Campinas, São Paulo
#4. Federal University of Rio de Janeiro - Brazil Rio de Janeiro
#5. University of Buenos Aires - Argentina Buenos Aires City, Buenos Aires
#6. National Autonomous University of Mexico - Mexico Ciudad de México, Distrito
#7. University of Chile - Chile Santiago
#8. University of the Andes Colombia - Colombia Bogotá, DC
#9. Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria - Chile Valparaiso, Valparaiso
#10. Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil Porto Alegre, Rio Grande
#10. UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista - Brazil São Paulo
#12. Federal University of Minas Gerais - Brazil Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais
#13. Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC) - Brazil Santo Andre, Sao Paulo
#14. Federal University of Santa Catarina - Brazil Florianópolis
#14. Federal University of São Paulo - Brazil São Paulo
#16. Rio de Janeiro State University - Brazil Rio de Janeiro
#17. National University La Plata - Argentina Buenos Aires
#18. Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla - Mexico Puebla
#18. Pontificia Universidad Javeriana - Colombia Bogotá, DC
#20. Universidad Nacional de Colombia - Colombia Bogotá, DC
#21. University of Brasilia - Brazil Brasília
#21. University of the Republic - Uruguay - Uruguay Montevideo
#23. Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi - Mexico Mexico City, San Luis
#24. Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora - Brazil Juiz de Fora
#25. University of Concepción - Chile Concepcion
#26. Federal University of Paraná - Brazil Curitiba
#26. Universidade Federal de Pelotas - Brazil Pelotas
#28. Universidade Federal de Sao Joao del-Rei - Brazil Sao Joao del-Rei
#29. Federal University of Sao Carlos - Brazil São Carlos, SP
#30. National Polytechnic Institute - Mexico Mexico City
#31. Federal University of Pernambuco - Brazil Recife, PE
#32. Universidade Federal do Ceara - Brazil Fortaleza, Ceara
#33. Universidad Costa Rica - Costa Rica San Pedro Montes de Oca, San Jose
#34. Tecnologico de Monterrey - Mexico Monterrey
#35. Universidad de Antioquia - Colombia Medellín
#36. National University of Cordoba - Argentina Córdoba
#37. Universidade Federal da Bahia - Brazil Cruz Das Almas, Bahia
#38. Universidade Federal Fluminense - Brazil Niterói, Rio de Janerio
#39. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte - Brazil Natal/RN
#40. Federal University of Vicosa - Brazil Viçosa, Minas Gerais
#40. Universidad Austral de Chile - Chile Valdivia, Región de los Ríos
#42. Metropolitan Autonomous University - Mexico Ciudad de México, Distrito
#43. Universidade Federal de Goias - Brazil Goiania
#44. Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo - Mexico Morelia
#45. Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM) - Brazil Santa Maria, Rio Grande
#46. Universidad Andres Bello - Chile Santiago
#47. Universidad de Santiago de Chile - Chile Santiago
#48. Universidad de Valparaiso - Chile Valparaiso, Valparaiso
#49. National University of Rosario - Argentina Santa Fe
#50. Pontificia Universidade Catolica Do Rio Grande Do Sul - Brazil Porto Alegre,
Rio Grande do Sul
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