Haiti's school system has major flaws, which
is why only around three-fifths of the adult population
is literate. In many places outside the cities there are
no schools and children often stay at home when the
six-year-old school starts at the age of six.
The devastating earthquake in 2010 broke a large part
of the already inadequate school system. Thousands of
students, teachers and other school staff were killed
and over 4,000 school buildings were demolished. A large
part of the country's school system was closed for up to
a year after the disaster. New natural disasters, such
as Hurricane Matthew 2016, have diluted the problems.
Offers a list of biggest cities in the state of Haiti, including the capital
city which hosts major colleges and universities.
Country facts of Haiti, including geography profile, population statistics, and business data.
Only two children out of three were enrolled in
elementary school in the early 2000s, which was still
more than ten years earlier. According to a report that,
among other things, the World Bank was behind 2014, the
proportion of children starting school then increased to
90 percent, a significant improvement.
But only two-thirds of students complete the six
formally compulsory years. Many are taken out of school
by parents for financial reasons; the education itself
is free of charge but school uniforms and teaching
materials must be paid. Around every third child in one
year of age begins the three-year high school, where
different school fees are higher than in the compulsory
school, and even fewer attend the three-year high
The low standards of state schools mean that almost
90 percent of students and students attend schools run
by church communities or other private organizations.
But even these often lack a qualified teacher. From
2006, Haiti has received extensive foreign aid for,
among other things, teacher education and free school
food for the many tens of thousands of students who
often do not get a proper meal during the rest of the
day. The reform has led to more children choosing to go
Higher education is given at the State UniversitÚ
d'Etat d'Ha´ti and some private colleges and
universities, most of which are run with foreign aid.
FACTS - EDUCATION
Proportion of children starting primary
57.3 percent (1997)
Number of pupils per teacher in primary
Reading and writing skills
48.7 percent (2006)
Public expenditure on education as a
percentage of GDP
13.1 percent (2016)
Public expenditure on education as a
percentage of the state budget
13.1 percent (2016)
The Prime Minister resigns
Just a week after the Commission proposal, Lamothe announces his departure.
The protests that have been going on for a long time continue despite the
message. Protesters demanding that Martelly also leave his post again clash with
police in Port-au-Prince.
The Commission proposes a unifying government
A commission set up to try to break the deadlock around the electoral law
concludes that Prime Minister Lamothe should resign, as will the head of the
country's highest court and the electoral commission. The Commission includes
prominent representatives of the Church, business, politics and the trade union
movement. They advocate that Prime Minister Lamothe resigns to pave the way for
a unifying government. Furthermore, they recommend that a number of "political
prisoners" be released. But the Commission has no comment on what will happen
when Parliament's term expires on January 12, 2015 and the country stands
without government. Both the UN and the US commend the Commission's work. The
United States has been actively working to try to break the deadlock in Haiti.
Continued political crisis
Martelly announces that he has set up a presidential commission to try to
deal with the deeper political crisis. On the same day, another in the line of
demonstrations with demands for the president's departure is held. The
opposition protests both against the postponement of the election again and
again, and against what is perceived as increasing harassment by government
opponents. Several opposition leaders have been arrested in connection with
demonstrations and have been detained for a few weeks.
Baby Doc dies
Executor Jean-Claude Duvalier dies in a heart attack in Port-au-Prince, 63
years old. Some attempts have been made to bring him to trial for crimes against
humanity during his presidency (1971–1986), without success (see also Modern
History and January 2011).
"Impossible" holding choices
The Election Council announces that it is "impossible" to hold elections as
planned in October (see March 2014). Martelly promises a little later in a
speech in the UN General Assembly that elections should be held "as soon as
possible", but does not specify a date.
Arrest warrant against Aristide
The order for the ex-president to be arrested comes after he has failed to
stand in court. Aristide is suspected of money laundering, corruption and drug
trafficking. But supporters, who claim the prosecution is politically motivated,
travel barricades outside his residence to prevent him from being arrested. They
throw stones at UN soldiers who may put in smoke grenades and an armored vehicle
to recover another vehicle.
The UN chief visits
Ban Ki-Moon promises to try to get the outside world to contribute $ 2.2
billion to fight the cholera epidemic. Over 8,500 have now died in the disease
and 700,000 have fallen ill. Three different cases against the UN are ongoing.
New demonstrations demanding Martelli's departure
Police deploy tear gas to thousands demonstrating in Port-au-Prince and
demanding the president resign. The protests have increased against the
government, due to rising living costs and widespread corruption.
Renovation in the government
As a result of the El Rancho agreement (see March 2014), almost half of the
22 ministers are replaced, including the Foreign, Home Affairs, Education and
Defense Minister. The Minister of Finance who resigned in April 2013 will return
to the post.
Political settlement should resolve deadlock
The "El Rancho Agreement", which is so named after the hotel where it is
signed, represents a breakthrough and relates to governance, constitution and
elections. The settlement means an election date is set in October, to add the
ten empty Senate seats and a number of entries in the municipalities (see April
2013 and December 2013). At the same time, ordinary elections shall be held for
a further ten Senate seats and all 99 seats in the Chamber of Deputies.
Furthermore, a commission will be set up with representatives of the executive
(president and government), the legislative (parliament) and leaders of the
political parties and other observer groups, with the task of reviewing the