Illiteracy is widespread in The Gambia. In 2015,
only over half of the adult population could read and
write. Children usually begin their nine-year primary
school at the age of seven. No compulsory schooling
prevails. There is also a three-year extension phase.
According to the constitution, basic schooling should
be free of charge, but in reality the children generally
have to pay fees and the school is thus not accessible
Significantly more men than women are literate. The
authorities have been investing in getting more girls to
the school, partly by standing for some of the fees.
Local mothers' clubs have also been formed to raise
funds to pay fees or offer moral support to the girls.
Nowadays, slightly more girls than boys attend
elementary school, but more girls than boys drop out of
studies before they finish primary school. Many children
stay at home to work in households and agriculture.
Allcitypopulation: Offers a list of biggest cities in the state of
Gambia, including the capital city which hosts major colleges and
Country facts of Gambia, including geography profile, population statistics, and business data.
However, there are major differences between
different parts of the country. In the cities, almost
all children attend school, while the proportion is
lower in rural areas, in some cases a child of three
will be without schooling.
In addition to the state school system, Koran schools
are run, where Islam is at the center.
The University of the Gambia started as a
collaboration with a Canadian university in 1999, but
the state completely took over the university in 2000.
Within the country, for example, there are teacher
training, as well as education in agriculture,
healthcare and technical subjects. However, more
Gambians are studying abroad than in their home country.
FACTS - EDUCATION
Proportion of children starting primary
77.6 percent (2017)
Number of pupils per teacher in primary
Reading and writing skills
42.0 percent (2013)
Public expenditure on education as a
percentage of GDP
10.4 percent (2016)
Public expenditure on education as a
percentage of the state budget
10.4 percent (2016)
Barrow promises to punish human smugglers
Gambian President Adama Barrow promises to punish the human traffickers who
caused more than 60 people's death in connection with their attempt to get to
the Canary Islands by boat. He emphasizes that a police investigation has now
begun and describes the incident as a national tragedy. He also says money has
been sent to Mauritania to assist those who survived the disaster.
Protesters demand Barrow's departure
Thousands of Gambians gather in Banjul for President Adama Barrow to keep his
election pledge to step down after three years. They shout "three years, three
years" to the sound of Bob Marley's music. At the 2016 election, one of the now
ruling seven-party alliance promises was that Barrow, if he won, would sit in
power for three years and then announce new elections he would not take part in.
Since then, two of the alliance's parties have agreed that he should get remain
as president for the term of office, that is, until 2021. But the largest of the
alliance's parties, the United Democratic Party (UDP), to which Barrow
previously belonged, has said no. The manifesto has been organized by the
grassroots movement Three years jotna (Your three years are over), which was
formed earlier in the year by Musa Kaira, a Gambian businessman who lives in the
United States. Barrow himself says he will resign in 2012 and leave power in a
"dignified way". The president has strong support abroad, but at home, it is not
as well-grounded, and he no major political experience when he was elected
president in 2016.
Gambian migrants die on their way to the Canary Islands
At least 62 migrants drown off the coast of Mauritania as they try to reach
the Canary Islands by boat. However, some 80 people manage to swim ashore after
the boat hit a cliff in the sea and started to take in water. Most of the people
on board are Gambians.
The Gambia reports Myanmar to court
The Gambia accuses Myanmar's military of committing a genocide on Rohingy in
the Myanmar state of Rakhine in the fall of 2017 and is now turning to the
International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague to try it. The Gambia acts as
a representative of the Muslim organization OIC. Gambia's Foreign Minister
Abubacarr Marie Tambadou, who had previously been a prosecutor at the
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), has been the initiator of the
Ex-dictator Jammeh's closest man admits abuse
Edward Singhateh, former military and former President Yahya Jammeh's right
hand, testifies before the Truth Commission. He then admits that he is partly
responsible for the opposition Gambians being arrested, tortured and executed
under Jammeh's rule and that he today feels great regret for this. His
recognition includes two people Sana Sabally and Sadibou Hydara who both
participated in the coup that brought Jammeh to power in 1994, but which he
later suspected of planning to overthrow him. Sabally was tortured and allowed
to spend nine years in prison, while Hydara died in prison. Singhateh now admits
that the evidence against the men was fabricated.
"Ex-President Jammeh should be prosecuted"
The Gambian government intends to prosecute it before President Yahya Jammeh
for theft and corruption. During his 22 years in power, according to the
government, Jammeh acquired nearly 300 private and commercial properties, animal
sanctuaries, islands and more (see March 2019). It refers to
the fact that the Truth Commission has concluded that this has happened in
contravention of the country's constitution.
Ex-President Jammeh is accused of millionaire support
Gambia's former president Yahya Jammeh personally seized $ 362 million in
assets. There will be a state commission appointed by his successor Adama Barrow
in his final report. To reach this conclusion, the Commission has heard 253
witnesses. The government is now trying to do its best to get back property that
the ex-president has wrongfully seized. Up to now, some cars of the Rolls-Royce
brand and aircraft have been sold to raise money for the Treasury. According to
another report by the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP) ,
Jammeh and his supporters had plundered the Gambian state on assets worth nearly
$ 1 billion. Jammeh who has been in Equatorial Guinea since 2017 has not
commented on the information.
Barrow dismisses UDP ministers
President Adama Barrow dismisses Vice President Ousainou Darboe and two heavy
ministers without stating why. All three are members of the United Democratic
Party (UDP), which thus has no ministerial posts at all, despite the fact that
the party holds the majority of all seats in the National Assembly. The three
who were dismissed have all been jailed during Jammeh's time in power, but were
pardoned by Barrow. In 2017, Barrow promised to step down after three years and
announce presidential elections, but it is unclear if he will. Another sign that
Barrow intends to remain is that he formed President Barrow youth movement for
national development, something that the UDP sees as a first step towards
forming a new party.
Ya Kumba Jaiteh is forced to leave the National Assembly
President Barrow is forcing a female MP from the UDP, Ya Kumba Jaiteh, whom
he himself is appointed to leave the National Assembly. She was one of five
members nominated by the president.
Investigation of MRI crimes under Jammeh's board begins
7 th of January
The commission to investigate murders, tortures and other abuses committed
under Yayha Jammeh's 22-year rule begins its work. The Commission will hear
about a thousand witnesses, and the hearings of them will be sent directly via
facebook. A final document is expected to be ready by October 2020. Video
footage of a dancing Jammeh at a party in Equatorial Guinea has given new
impetus to the requirement for him to be extradited to the Gambia to stand
trial, the British media company reports. First to testify is a former police
officer Ebrima Chongan who tells of how he was tortured at a police station in
Banjul after the 1994 coup.